Political signs often receive a lot of attention in local news and on social media, particularly during election seasons. At a time when political views can become quite charged, the issue of lawn signs endorsing a candidate or supporting a social cause can further divide communities. Reasonable restrictions and uniform rules enforcement help avoid conflict.

Boards often restrict signs because clutter detracts from a community’s appearance, and they can become safety hazards. When it comes to developing sign rules, associations generally have complete control over common elements but should follow any state statutes and language in the governing documents regarding private property, says James H. Slaughter, a partner with Law Firm Carolinas in Greensboro, N.C., and a fellow and past president of CAI’s College of Community Association Lawyers.

For example, North Carolina regulates the display of political signs related to elections and prohibits an association from restricting them based on various conditions, including the size of the sign, how many days before an election it can be put up, and how many days after an election it can remain before being removed.

“Beyond that, we generally tell associations they need to enforce the language of their governing documents or change the language,” Slaughter says.

Association documents typically fall into one of three categories: no regulation of signs, other than what a state or local government body might require; certain signs allowed (such as security, for sale, for rent, or construction signs); or a prohibition on all signs on individual lots. Most boards typically avoid approving specific language or sign content to prevent inconsistencies or exceptions, he notes.

Valencia Lakes Homeowners Association, an active adult community in Wimauma, Fla., has a total ban on all types of signage in the association. “That allows us to avoid the issue of being discriminatory in what types of signs to allow,” explains Randy King, a director on the board.

To avoid unnecessary friction or potentially costly litigation, James A. Gustino, a Winter Garden, Fla., attorney, recommends communities permit political signs but enact reasonable time, place, and manner restrictions, such as:

  • They can only be put up 45 days prior to an election.
  • They must be removed three days after votes are cast.
  • They can’t contain profanity.
  • They must be limited in number so they don’t create a sight obstruction or other safety concern.

He advocates involving community members when crafting restrictions and posting approved rules prominently via email blasts, special notices on the community website, and on entry signs to encourage compliance.

Currently, 13 states have statutes regarding signage that communities must follow when considering reasonable restrictions on their display. CAI supports legally sound, fair, and equitable political and lawn sign rules and uniform enforcement procedures in community associations.

>>Read more about how to ensure sign restrictions are reasonable and uniformly enforced in “Signs of the Times,” from the September/October 2020 issue of Common Ground magazine.

Kiara Candelaria

Kiara Candelaria

Kiara is associate editor for CAI’s print and digital publications. Before joining CAI, she worked for a trade media magazine focusing on the oil refining sector. Kiara also worked as an internal communications intern at the Library of Congress in 2015 and was a student journalist while attending college in Puerto Rico, where she was born and raised. She graduated with a bachelor’s degree in information and journalism from the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus, in 2014 and earned a master’s degree in communication from George Mason University in Fairfax, Va., in 2020. Kiara currently resides in Arlington, Va., and enjoys watching movies and television shows, playing videogames, and spoiling her cat Kyoshi.

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